Stand-up comedy

Stand-up comedy is a comic fashion in which a comedian performs when in front of a live audience, commonly speaking directly to them. Often the performer is commonly known as a comedy, stand-up comic, stand-up comic, or simply a stand-up. Inside stand-up comedy, the comic usually recites a collection of humorous stories, comments and one-liners typically known as monologue, routine, or behave. Some stand-up comedians make use of props, music, or wonder tricks to “enhance” their particular acts. Stand-up comedy is frequently performed in comedy night clubs, bars and pubs, clubs, neo-burlesques, colleges and cinemas. Outside of live performance, stand-up is frequently distributed commercially via television system, DVD, CD and the online.

In stand-up comedy, often the feedback of the audience is definitely instant and crucial for any comedian’s act. Audiences be expecting a stand-up comic for a steady stream of laughs, as well as a performer is always under pressure to produce. Will Ferrell has identified as stand-up comedy “hard, alone and vicious”.

A stand-up comedy show may contain only one comedian, or include a “headline” or a “showcase” structure. A headline format generally features an opening act known as the host, compère (UK), or perhaps master of ceremonies (MC), who usually warms the crowd, interacts with the viewers members, makes announcements, and also introduces the other performers. This is certainly followed by one or two “middle” or perhaps “featured” acts, who execute 15- to 20-minute units, followed by a headliner who also performs for longer. Often the “showcase” format consists of various acts who perform to get roughly equal lengths of energy, typical in smaller teams such as the Comedy Cellar, as well as Jongleurs, or at large functions where the billing of various names allows for a larger wedding venue than the individual comedians may draw. A showcase formatting may still feature the MC.

Many smaller places hold “open mic” activities, where anyone can take the particular stage and perform for that audience, offering a way regarding amateur performers to sharpen their craft and possibly enter the profession, or regarding established professionals to work particular material.

“Bringer shows” are usually another opportunity for amateur artists. The performer must get a specified number of paying attendees in order to get stage time. Everybody usually have to pay a cover impose and there is often a minimum range of drinks that must be ordered. These kind of shows usually have a “showcase” format. This type of show offers comedians better exposure as compared to open mics because there is typically better audience turnout and also industry professionals sometimes head to watch. Different comedy night clubs have different requirements for their bringer shows. Gotham Comedy Pub in New York City, for example , typically has ten-person bringers, although Broadway Comedy Club with New York City usually has six-person bringers.

As the name indicates, “stand-up” comedians usually do their material while located, though this is not mandatory.

Ancient roots
Stand-up comedy features its origin in basic Parrhesia in 400 B . C . used for cynics and epicureans in order to tell the reality with no censorship.

United Kingdom

Stand-up funny in the United Kingdom began in the audio halls of the 18th and also 19th centuries. Notable artists who rose through the 20 th century music hall routine were Morecambe and Smart, Arthur Askey, Ken Dodd and Max Miller, who was simply considered to be the quintessential music-hall comedian. The heavy censorship regime of the Lord Chamberlain’s Office required all comedians to submit their acts to get censorship. The act could well be returned with unacceptable partitions underlined in blue notepad (possibly giving rise into the term “blue” for a comic whose act is considered bawdy or smutty). The comic was then obliged to never deviate from the act inside the edited form.

The climb of the post-war comedians coincided with the rise of television set and radio, and the classic music hall circuit encountered greatly as a result. Whereas some sort of music hall performer could possibly work for years using one act, television exposure develop a constant demand for new stuff, although this may have also been accountable for the cessation of theatrical censorship in 1968.

Through the 1970s, music hall amusement was virtually dead. Option circuits had evolved, for example working men’s clubs. A few of the more successful comedians on the operating men’s club circuit-including Bernard Manning, Bobby Thompson, Honest Carson and Stan Boardman – eventually made their way to tv via such shows for the reason that Wheeltappers and Shunters Public Club. The “alternative” humourous scene also began to advance. Some of the earliest successes originated folk clubs, where musicians and singers such as Billy Connolly, Robert Harding and Jasper Carrott started as relatively directly musical acts whose between-song banter developed into complete humor routines. The 1960s experienced also seen the épigramme boom, including the creation from the club, the Establishment, that, amongst other things, gave Uk audiences their first flavor of extreme American stand-up humor from Lenny Bruce. Éxito Wood launched her stand-up career in the early 1980s, which included observational conversation mixed with comedy music. Wood was to become one of several country’s most successful comedians, in 2001 selling the Royal Albert Hall intended for 15 nights in a strip.

In 1979, the first American-style stand-up comedy club, typically the Comedy Store was started out in London by Peter Rosengard, where many alternative comedy megastars of the 1980s, such as Start French and Jennifer Saunders, Alexei Sayle, Craig Ferguson, Rik Mayall and Ade Edmondson began their occupations. The stand-up comedy routine rapidly expanded from London, uk across the UK. The present English stand-up comedy circuit came to exist from the ‘alternative’ comedy innovation of the 1980s, with politics and observational humor getting the prominent styles to be able to flourish. In 1983, small drama teacher Maria Kempinska created Jongleurs Comedy Teams, now the largest stand-up comedic chain in Europe. Last comedy is believed to have already been performed originally as a individual show. Lately, this type of indicate started to involve a group of small comedians, especially in Europe.

United States

North American stand-up comedy features its roots in various heritage of popular entertainment with the late 19th century, like vaudeville, English music hallway, burlesque or early selection shows; minstrel shows, humorist monologues by personalities like Mark Twain, and spectacle clown antics. With the time for the century and ubiquitousness of urban and professional living, the structure, pacing and timing, and substance of American humor began to alter. Comedians of this era usually depended on fast-paced joke shipping and delivery, slapstick, outrageous or sexist innuendo, and donned a great ethnic persona-African, Scottish, In german, Jewish-and built a regime based on popular stereotypes. Laughs were generally broad in addition to material was widely provided, or in some cases, stolen. All over American audiences sought activity as a way to escape and threaten city living.

The proprietors of modern American stand-up comedic include Moms Mabley, Prise Benny, Bob Hope, George Burns, Fred Allen, Milton Berle and Frank Fay all of whom came from vaudeville or the Chitlin’ Circuit. Many people spoke directly to the visitors as themselves, in front of the drape, known as performing “in one”. Frank Fay gained acceptance as a “master of ceremonies” at New York’s Building Theater. Vaudevillian Charlie Circumstance (also spelled Charley Case) is often credited with the 1st form of stand-up comedy; carrying out humorous monologues without props or costumes. This has not been done before during a vaudeville show.

Nightclubs and accommodations became the new breeding surface for stand-ups. Acts like Alan King, Danny Betty, Martin and Lewis, Put on Rickles, Joan Rivers and also Jack E. Leonard prospered in these new arenas.

Inside 1950s and into the 1958s, stand-ups such as Mort Sahl began developing their operates in small folk teams like San Francisco’s keen i (owned by manager Enrico Banducci and beginning of the ubiquitous “brick wall” behind comedians) or Completely new York’s Bitter End. These kind of comedians added an element of societal satire and expanded equally the language and boundaries connected with stand-up, venturing into money, race relations, and lovemaking humor. Lenny Bruce grew to be known as ‘the’ obscene amusing when he used language that always led to his arrest. Following Lenny Bruce, arrests regarding obscene language on period nearly disappeared until George Carlin was arrested in 21 July 1972 from Milwaukee’s Summerfest after carrying out the routine “Seven Words You may never Say on Television” (the case against Carlin has been eventually dismissed).

Other well known comics from this era include things like Woody Allen, Shelley Berman, Phyllis Diller, and Robert Newhart. Some Black Usa comedians such as Redd Foxx, George Kirby, Bill Cosby, and Dick Gregory did start to cross over to white audience during this time.

In the 1970s, several artists became major stars determined by stand-up comedy performances. Rich Pryor and George Carlin followed Lenny Bruce’s hard style to become icons. Stand-up expanded from clubs, hotels, and coffee houses in to major concerts in sports activities arenas and amphitheaters. Dorrie Martin and Bill Cosby had levels of success along with gentler comic routines. The actual older style of stand-up humor (no social satire) had been kept alive by Rodney Dangerfield and Buddy Hackett, who enjoyed revived professions late in life. Television applications such as Saturday Night Reside and The Tonight Show really helped publicize the careers involving other stand-up comedians, which include Janeane Garofalo, Bill Maher and Jay Leno.

In the 1970s to the ’90s, many different types of comedy began to emerge, in the madcap stylings of Robin the boy wonder Williams, to the odd correction of Jerry Seinfeld along with Ellen DeGeneres, the funny musings of Steven Wright, to the mimicry of Whoopi Goldberg, and Eddie Murphy. These comedians would in order to influence the next generation of comedians, including Chris Rock, Frank Lawrence, Dave Chappelle, Sawzag Attell, Patrice O’Neal, Greg Giraldo, Doug Benson, Expenses Hicks, Margaret Cho, Expenses Burr, David Cross, Steve C. K., Mitch Hedberg, Maria Bamford, Jim Norton, Dave Foley, Todd Cup, Kathy Griffin, Kevin Not easy, Sammy Obeid, Joe Rogan, Doug Stanhope, and Danny Silverman.


Stand-up humor is the focus of four main international festivals: the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in Edinburgh, Scotland; Just for Laughs within Montreal and Toronto, North america; HBO’s U. S. Humor Arts Festival in Aspen, CO, and the Melbourne Worldwide Comedy Festival in Melbourne, Australia. A number of other festivals run around the world, including The Comedy Celebration in Las Vegas, the Vancouver Comedy Festival, the New You are able to Comedy Festival, the Boston ma Comedy and Film Celebration, the New York Underground Video Festival, the Sydney Humourous Festival, and the Cat A joke Comedy Festival in Kilkenny, Ireland. Radio hosts Opie and Anthony also develop a comedy tour called Opie and Anthony’s Traveling Trojan Comedy Tour, featuring their unique co-host, Jim Norton in addition to several other stand-up comedians routinely featured on their radio present. There is also a festival in Hk called the HK International Humor Festival.

The festival file format has proven quite effective at attracting attention to the ability of stand-up, and is often used like a scouting and proving floor by industry professionals looking for new comedy talent. In america, performances at colleges is an important market for stand-up comedians, with many tour reservations made at the annual lifestyle of the National Association intended for Campus Activities (NACA). Nonetheless in the mid-2010s performers Frank Rock and Jerry Seinfeld as well as journalists reported college or university campuses as having get a repressive environment for stand-up comedy, with expectations involving political correctness precluding very much material that is successful much more open venues.